Collect | Home Page 
Office Online  
Journal Online
· Forthcoming Articles
· Current Issue
· Archive
· Advanced Search
· View by Fields
· Archive By Subject
· Special Issues
· Download Articles
· Read Articles
· Email Alert
· Recommended
   Science & Technology Review
2023, Vol.41, No. 17
13 September 2023


Special to S&T Review
Promote the spirit of scientists and strive for technological self-reliance and self-improvement
Select | Export to EndNote


Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 0-0.
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (3076 KB)  ( 3 )
Abstract ( 20 )

Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 1-1.
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (335 KB)  ( 9 )
Abstract ( 15 )
Special to S&T Review

Build international leading large-scale scientific facilities and realize sci-tech self-reliance and self-improvement

XI Guiquan, CHEN Xiaoyi, TAN Xiao
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 6-13. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.001
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (838 KB)  ( 18 )
Abstract ( 14 )
Large-scale scientific facilities are important equipment for scientific and technological innovations. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC,construction of large-scale scientific facilities in China has been steadily advanced and many achievements have been acquired. The article reviews the construction and development process of large-scale scientific facilities since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, then analyzes the problems existing in the development of large-scale scientific facilities. Finally, some suggestions are put forward from the aspects of funding investment, solving key technology and strengthening international cooperation for realizing sci-tech self-reliance and self-improvement.
Promote the spirit of scientists and strive for technological self-reliance and self-improvement

On the development process and era characteristics of scientist spirit in China

WEI Yonglian, WAN Jinbo
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 14-21. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.002
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (598 KB)  ( 6 )
Abstract ( 9 )
Scientist spirit is the concentrated embodiment of scientific spirit and scientific culture of the scientist group, which has the characteristics of science, nationality and times. In the exchange agitation between modern scientific culture and traditional Chinese culture, the Chinese scientist spirit has been able to take root. By reviewing the development process and characteristics of the Chinese scientist spirit and summarizing the spiritual force behind the successful experience of China's century-long history of scientific and technological struggles, we will vigorously carry forward the scientific spirit and the scientist spirit of the new era, so as to better embark on the new journey of making China a powerful country in science and technology and better support the construction of a powerful country and national rejuvenation.

What make backbone scientists become so firm and strong?

HOU Yude
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 22-31. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.003
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (692 KB)  ( 17 )
Abstract ( 8 )
The science and technology of our country must be self-reliant and self-improvement. For this reason, we need enough backbone scientists. Based on the literature, this article presents a case study on several backbone scientists and concludes that they have basic commonalities, namely: solid professional foundation, strong scientific research talent and ability, strong sense of innovation, rich scientific research practice, broad ideas beyond science, and extremely powerful social responsibility. These commonalities are essential elements for them to become backbone scientists. Further analysis shows that the broad thought beyond science comes from the rich scientific research practice which is driven by the strong sense of innovation. The interaction and coupling of scientific research ability, scientific research experience, social experience, and broad thoughts beyond science may create two channels for the scientists, that is, the professional output channel and the spiritual radiation channel. The combined forces of the two channels will support the strong social responsibility of the backbone scientists.

On strategic scientists' characteristics and countermeasures for cultivation and utilization

Lü Kewei, WANG Guoqiang, JIANG Cailou
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 32-39. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.004
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (757 KB)  ( 6 )
Abstract ( 10 )
Cultivating and utilizing strategic scientists is the strategic deployment made by the Party Central Committee in response to the current situation and targeted tasks. This study analyzes the definition and characteristics of strategic scientists. Based on the competency theory, a competency judgment model of strategic scientists is formed in four dimensions, i.e., strategic position, strategic foresight, strategic layout and strategic implementation. By the model, 34 strategic scientists are selected and through their resumes and biographical data, the factors affecting their growth are determined and the impact mechanism of the growth is analyzed. Finally, we put forward suggestions on systematically promoting the training and use of strategic scientific and technological talents.

On Qian Xuesen's scientist spirit and its era value

LU Shengjun, GU Jihuan, LI Ming, GAO Jie
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 40-46. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.005
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (653 KB)  ( 7 )
Abstract ( 13 )
Qian Xuesen was the founder of China's aerospace industry and an internationally renowned scientist and he also was the outstanding representative of China's scientist spirit. This article summarizes the connotation of Qian Xuesen's scientist spirit from six aspects: patriotism, innovation, seeking truth, dedication, collaboration, and education. Qian Xuesen's scientist spirit has injected a permanent scientific spirit and innovative momentum into China's national defense technology innovation and high-level technological self-reliance and self-improvement.

Hua Loo-Keng: China's outstanding strategic mathematician

GUO Jinhai
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 47-57. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.006
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (840 KB)  ( 7 )
Abstract ( 7 )
This paper describes Hua Loo-Keng's contributions as a strategic mathematician by investigating his deeds in proposing and implementing the work plan of the Institute of Mathematics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, participating in the formulation of the national science and technology plans, planning and preparing the China's computer undertaking, initiating and organizing middle school students' mathematical competitions, popularizing and promoting the critical path method and optimum seeking method. It is concluded that Hua developed his idea of developing an institute of mathematics in 1943 and put it into practice at the Institute of Mathematics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He made historic contributions to planning China's computing technology and mathematical development. He played an extremely important role in advocating and organizing China's computer undertaking and middle school students' mathematical competitions, as well as in popularizing and promoting the critical path method and optimum seeking method. Hua's transformation from a self-taught youth to an outstanding strategic mathematician was the result of interactions of internal and external factors.

Ladyzhenskaya: The most great female mathematical physicist of Russia in the twentieth century

CHENG Xiaohong
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 58-63. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.007
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (659 KB)  ( 11 )
Abstract ( 11 )
Olga Alexandrovna Ladyzhenskaya was one of the most outstanding female mathematical physicists in Russia in the twentieth century, she made outstanding contributions to the field of partial differential equations, especially in hyperbolic, elliptic, parabolic partial differential equations, Navier-Stokes equations, and attractor theory. Her outstanding contributions also made Russia become a scientific and technological power. By explaining her life experience, academic achievements and profound influences, this paper demonstrates her scientific outlook on life, pursuit of scientific excellence and the driving force to promote scientific progress.

On the mechanism of managed retreat in disaster risk area of the coastal zone in US

WANG Jiangbo, ZHENG Xiaoyan, GOU Aiping
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 64-77. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.008
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (1935 KB)  ( 3 )
Abstract ( 8 )
As the sea-level rise is expected to reach 80 to 200cm in the next 100 years and inundate hundreds of coastal cities, the number of people forced to relocate globally is likely to reach hundreds of millions. Managing the retreat is increasingly becoming the first option to effectively eliminate the risk. Frequent and serious coastal disasters pose a challenge to the traditional defense idea of "man conquers nature". This paper mainly adopts the literature method to study the management retreat mechanism of coastal disaster risk areas in the US. It expounds the importance of management retreat by reviewing cases and regulations, summarizes five types of tools for implementing management retreat, namely planning, acquisition, supervision, transfer of development rights and laws, and discusses the adaptation of residents in receiving areas and ecological restoration in evacuated areas after evacuation. It is hoped that these strategies can provide reference for the withdrawal mechanism of construction land in our coastal disaster risk areas.

Application path analysis of artificial intelligence technology in electronic countermeasures

YE Juyi, TAN Heyi, WU Jun, CUI Heng
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 78-83. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.009
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (640 KB)  ( 2 )
Abstract ( 15 )
The application of artificial intelligence(AI) in the military field has recently further improved the overall response ability and execution efficiency of information-based joint operations. Electronic countermeasures combat operations take place in an invisible space, it is more urgent for troops to get AI technology support in a fast-changing electromagnetic situation. By sorting out the main application modes of AI technology in military field, this paper systematically studies the application path of AI in electronic countermeasures from a perspective of operational integrity and puts forward specific thoughts and suggestions for combat command,warfare method application,equipment research and development, and intelligent cooperation, so as to accurately serve the electromagnetic field struggle and improve intelligent combat ability.

Analysis on the development trend of space nuclear power technology in the United States and Russia

HANG Shuang, YANG Zhou, CHEN Guojiu, YUAN Zicheng
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 84-90. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.010
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (842 KB)  ( 3 )
Abstract ( 10 )
Breakthroughs of next-generation space nuclear power and propulsion technology will completely change the style of future space exploration missions. At present, the United States and Russia have accelerated their research and development processes of space nuclear power systems to keep their leading positions. This article outlines the classification and application scenarios of space nuclear power systems, summarizes the technology development processes and strategies of the US and Russia. Furthermore, the development trend of space nuclear power is analyzed. The results indicate that compared to the Cold War era, future space exploration missions have put forward new requirements for the power, flexibility, reliability, and safety of the nuclear power systems. The US and Russia attach great importance to the development of space nuclear power technology but there are differences in development strategies and technological routes. The US is conducting comprehensive research and development on radioisotope thermo-electric generator, space reactors, nuclear thermal propulsion systems, and nuclear electric propulsion systems, all driven by next-generation space capability development and deep space exploration projects. Russia, on the other hand, focuses on developing nuclear power propulsion spacecraft projects, taking its own advantages in nuclear power propulsion technology, with the intention of maintaining its competitiveness in the space field with limited resource investment.

International comparison and enlightenment of mission-oriented innovation policy

HAN Wenyan, XIONG Yonglan
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 91-101. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.011
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (598 KB)  ( 4 )
Abstract ( 11 )
At a time of turmoil in the world situation, implementation of scientific system intervention policy is of great significance for effectively dealing with risk challenges. The practice cases of international mission-oriented innovation policy(MOIP)are investigated and compared in terms of of key mission, policy subjects, policy objectives, policy tools and facing up to challenges. It is shown that MOIP has the characteristics of long policy implementation cycle, mission-oriented response to challenges, authority and diversity of policy subjects, multiplicity and specificity of policy objectives, and diversity of policy tools. Suggestions are put forward for China to lay out MOIP, such as strengthening top-level design, scientifically designing strategic direction, strengthening overall coordination, and optimizing and improving policy toolbox.

Main characteristics and optimized path of Chinese standards"going global"

WANG Bin, SUN Hongjun, ZHANG Ming, LIU Ying, ZHANG Lizhen
Science & Technology Review. 2023, 41 (17): 102-108. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2023.17.012
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (548 KB)  ( 18 )
Abstract ( 112 )
This paper summarizes five characteristics of China's standardization "going out" in terms of innovation ability demand, domestic and foreign policies, development stage transformation, existing problems and breakthrough points. Around the government, scientific research institutions and enterprises respectively from the "strategy and policy formulation, theory and decision support, standard development and participation" and other aspects of China's standard "going out" optimization path.

Copyright © Editorial office of Science & Technology Review
Tel: +86-10-62138113 Fax: +86-10-62138113 E-mail: