Abstract：The EXPO 2005 AICHI had attracted officials and tourists from over 120 coutries and regions around the world. The most noticeable point is the first-class technology and advanced scientific perceptions it revealed. The conduct of Science EXPO and Enviromental-sound EXPO had greatly aroused Japanese people's confident in revitalizing the economy. Since the 1980s, Japanese government has undertaken a series of methods in syetem restructuring, which setted scientific development as its main goal, drawed up the independent innovation development strategy according to different stages, maintained Japan's research and development ability and technology innovation activity in a high active status. Having accomplished the transition, Japan changed from the early absorption of technology and imitation mode at post-war mainly interimmed to the pursuing mode of autonomous innovation, and finally to the successful advanced innovation mode.