Abstract：Since the State Council announcd the "the Outline of the Construction of Transportation Power" in September 2019, China's transportation development has entered a new journey. The state is now preparing the outline of comprehensive three-dimensional traffic network planning. All provinces and cities are actively carrying out the construction of transport power demonstration area. Based on the description of the role and significance of transportation, this paper analyzes the current situation and gap of China's transportation development, summarizes the experience and enlightenment of the transportation development in major world powers, expounds the opportunities and challenges of China's construction of a transportation power, interprets the key breakthrough points in the construction. Finally the paper puts forward some suggestions.