Abstract：Academic conferences are closely related with the communication and innovation in science and technology. In the early stage of scientific development, academic conferences were in a shape of academic gatherings without a definite form. With the development of modern science, academic conferences were gradually institutionalized, and the purpose, form and function took some formats, with unique characteristics. The academic conferences, on the other hand, become more diversified in forms, with objectives specialized and with the process, the function, the organization and the management standardized, socialized and internationalized.. Academic conferences play an increasingly important role in the promotion of the academic prosperity and the scientific development, From the 1900s' to the 1950s' or the 1960s', academic conferences were in an important period for industrialization. The objectives, organization forms, communication modes, running processes and culture atmosphere are constantly changing with a new connotation. Along with the process of science gradually taking root in China, the academic conferences in China have also developed. Since the late 20th century, they have been in the boom with high quality requirements. Future academic conferences see the principal trends of specialization, information, boutique-oriented, practical, international, equal rights, joint-oriented, marketing-oriented.