Abstract：The sounding rocket is the only method for near space field detection and a good carrier for various space scientific experiments. Currently, the sounding rocket is widely used in middle and upper atmosphere stereo profile detection, microgravity scientific experiment, space biology, spaceborne payload verification test and others, where the sounding rocket shows irreplaceable advantages and functions. Developing the sounding rocket technology and building up a simulation system for sounding rockets will help the construction of the Sounding Rockets Comprehensive Experiment Platform and promote the development of space science in China. With a high flight speed and a short flight time, it is difficult to observe the attitude change during the flying of a sounding rocket. The visual simulation for the sounding rocket can solve this problem. So far, the visual simulations are limited to some simple visual simulations and applications. This paper proposes a distributed visual simulation frame for sounding rockets, based on High Level Architecture (HLA), and a distributed co-design. According to the requirements of building a visual simulation and co-design system for sounding rockets (VSCSSR), some related technologies are introduced, such as visual simulation, distributed interactive simulation and HLA. The main functions, the software and hardware architecture of the system, and the partition of federates are included in the frame design of the system.