Abstract: Chromite is one kind of national strategic resources in the all countries of the world. It is widely used in various fields, such as metallurgy, refractory, and chemical industry, etc. However the large amount of chromite power that is generated by the process of mining is difficult to effectively utilization. In order to solve the problem, researchers put forward the technology of solid carbothermic reduction of chromite. By directly placing the mixed material that contains chromite fines and solid carbon into the high temperature furnace for reduction reaction. In this process, iron oxides are able to be selectively reduced from chromite; therefore higher rate of chromic oxide-ferrous oxide to chromite fines could be obtained. The mechanism and influence factors for the solid carbothermic reduction of chromite are concluded. The influential factors include reduction temperature, reduction time, types of reductant, gas flow rate, size of particle and pellet, and additive species. This research would offer guidance for efficient utilization of low grade chromite fines. The research suggests that the influence of majority factors on the solid carbothemic reduction of chromite is nonlinear, and optimum values are always able to be obtained. For this reason, choosing optimum process conditions is significant for improving product quality and reducing product costs.