Effects of Prairie Highway Roadside Landscape of Straight Line Section on the Driver’s Visual Characteristics

  • XIE Songfang ,
  • ZHU Shoulin ,
  • QI Chunhua ,
  • YANG Feng
  • College of Energy and Transportation Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, China

Received date: 2014-04-08

  Revised date: 2014-05-23

  Online published: 2014-08-01


The vision system is the main channel for the driver to obtain traffic information, and the highway roadside landscape is an important factor in the visual stimulus to the driver. With different roadside landscapes of the prairie highway straight line section, the eye movement indexes of 5 drivers are collected and analyzed by the eye tracker. The results show that the driver's pupil diameter and the saccade amplitude are larger, but the blink duration and the fixation duration are shorter in the relatively complex roadside landscape section. The effect of the different roadside landscapes on the driver's blink duration, the fixation duration and the saccade amplitude are not significant, but the effect on the driver's pupil diameter is significant. The results may provide a reference for studying the effect of the prairie highway roadside landscape on driver's fatigue.

Cite this article

XIE Songfang , ZHU Shoulin , QI Chunhua , YANG Feng . Effects of Prairie Highway Roadside Landscape of Straight Line Section on the Driver’s Visual Characteristics[J]. Science & Technology Review, 2014 , 32(21) : 47 -51 . DOI: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2014.21.007


[1] 李百川. 道路交通事故预防心理学[M]. 西安: 西安交通大学出版社, 1998. Li Baichuan. Road traffic accident prevention psychology[M]. Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong University Press, 1998.
[2] 袁伟. 城市道路环境中汽车驾驶员动态视觉特性试验研究[D]. 西安: 长安大学, 2008. Yuan Wei. Study on car driver's dynamic visual characters test on city road[D]. Xi'an: Chang'an University, 2008.
[3] 郭应时. 交通环境及驾驶经验对驾驶员眼动和工作负荷影响的研究[D]. 西安: 长安大学, 2009. Guo Yingshi. Study on effects of traffic environment and driving experience on drivers eye movement and workload[D]. Xi'an: Chang'an University, 2009.
[4] 黄迎秋. 山区与城市道路交通环境下驾驶员视觉搜索过程分析[D]. 西安: 长安大学, 2008. Huang Yingqiu. The analysis on driver's visual search processin real environment of mountain and urban road[D]. Xi'an: Chang'an University, 2008.
[5] 洪亮. 驾驶员视觉特性与山区高速公路长大纵坡线形指标关系研究[D]. 长沙: 湖南大学, 2008. Hong Liang. Research on relationship between driver's visual characteristics and alignment indicators of long and steep slope in mountainous area[D]. Changsha: Hunan University, 2008.
[6] 顾强. 高速公路线形对驾驶员视觉特性的影响[D]. 西安: 长安大学, 2008. Gu Qiang. Research on the effect of thruway alignment on driver's visual characters[D]. Xi'an: Chang'an University, 2008.
[7] 侯建利, 朱守林, 戚春华. 草原公路线形对驾驶员视觉特性及车速的影响研究[J]. 内蒙古农业大学学报: 自然科学版, 2011, 32(2): 208-211. Hou Jianli, Zhu Shoulin, Qi Chunhua. Research on the effect of prairie road alignment on driver's visual characters and speed[J]. Journal of Inner Mongolia Agricultural University: Science & Technology Edition, 2011, 32(2): 208-211.
[8] Topp H H. Traffic safety, usability and streetscape effects of new design principles for major urban roads[J]. Transportation, 1990, 16: 297-310.
[9] Jeong H M. Delineating traffic safety benefits of travel way corridor landscape characteristics and landscape improvements[D]. Texas A&M University, 2003, 5: 57-102.
[10] Mok J H, Landphair H C, Naderi J R. Landscape improvement impacts on roadside safety in Texas[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2006, 78(3): 263-274.
[11] Thiffault P, Bergeron J. Monotony of road environment and driver fatigue: A simulator study[J]. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2003, 35: 381-391.
[12] 韩飒. 山区高速公路隧道路段驾驶员眼动特性研究[D]. 西安: 长安大学, 2008. Han Sa. Study on thedriver's eye movement characteristics of tunnel section in mountainous freeway[D]. Xi'an: Chang'an University, 2010.
[13] 丁光明, 刘浩学, 赵炜华, 等. 高速公路长隧道出口段驾驶人视觉特征变化规律[J]. 长安大学学报: 自然科学版, 2011, 31(2): 77-80. Ding Guangming, Liu Haoxue, Zhao Weihua, et al. Variation of driver's visual features in expressway tunnel exit[J]. Journal of Chang'an University: Science & Technology Edition, 2011, 31(2): 77-80.
[14] 王辉. 高速公路长隧道驾驶人眼动特性研究[D]. 西安: 长安大学, 2010. Wang Hui. Study on the driver's eye movement characteristies at freeway long tunnel Section[D]. Xi'an: Chang'an University, 2010.
[15] 杨锋, 朱守林, 戚春华, 等. 北方林区冰雪路面驾驶员眼动变化规律研究[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2013, 41(12): 102-106. Yang Feng, Zhu Shoulin, Qi Chunhua, et al. Study on driver's eye movements change on the forest's northern ice road[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University: Science & Technology Edition, 2013, 41(12): 1027-106.
[16] 郝晓红. 基于驾驶员生理心理反应的草原公路线形研究[D]. 呼和浩特: 内蒙古农业大学, 2010. Hao Xiaohong. Research the alignment of grassland road based on driver's physiological and psychological reflection[D]. Hohhot: Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 2010.
[17] 解松芳, 朱守林, 戚春华. 基于动态视觉的草原公路路侧景观评价[J]. 内蒙古农业大学学报: 自然科学版, 2013, 34(6): 132-136. Xie Songfang, Zhu Shoulin, Qi Chunhua. Evaluation of grassland highway roadside landscape based on dynamic vision[J]. Journal of Inner Mongolia Agricultural University: Science & Technology Edition, 2013, 34(6): 132-136.
[18] 乌云娜. 锡林郭勒草原景观多样性的空间变化[J]. 内蒙古大学学报: 自然科学版, 1997, 28(5): 707-714. Wu Yunna. Spatial variation of Xilin Gol grassland landscape diversity[J]. Journal of Inner Mongolia University: Science & Technology Edition, 1997, 28(5): 707-714.
[19] 付川云. 疲劳状态下驾驶人生理及眼动特征研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学, 2011. Fu Chuanyun. Research on physiological and eye movement characteristics of driver under fatigue condition[D]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology, 2011.