Special lssues

Application prospect of near space solar-powered UAVs in emergency communication

  • MA Hongzhong ,
  • LI Qing ,
  • LIU Xiaochun ,
  • DING Yiheng
  • UAV Technology Institute, HIWING Technology Academy of CASIC, Beijing 100074, China

Received date: 2018-02-08

  Revised date: 2018-03-02

  Online published: 2018-04-04


The solar-powered unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) flying at the near space enjoy a long flight time and a high flight height. The air communication service system can be established when the solar-powered UAVs carry the communication loads and it has a great application prospect in the field of the emergency communication. This paper reviews the development of the solar-powered UAVs platform at home and abroad and the application in the area of communication. By analyzing the characteristics and the application directions of the communication system based on the solar-powered UAVs, three typical applications and their key technologies and benefits are analyzed. It is shown that the near space communication system can be constructed by using the solar-powered UAVs. The communication system can be used for the long-term wide area and is flexible in use. And it will play an important role in the field of the emergency communication.

Cite this article

MA Hongzhong , LI Qing , LIU Xiaochun , DING Yiheng . Application prospect of near space solar-powered UAVs in emergency communication[J]. Science & Technology Review, 2018 , 36(6) : 47 -54 . DOI: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.06.006


[1] Liu Y, Grace D, Mitchell P D. Exploiting platform diversity for GoS improvement for users with different High Altitude Platform availability[J]. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 2009, 8(1):196-203.
[2] Bayhan S, Gur G, Alagoz F. High altitude platform (HAP) driven smart radios:A novel concept[C]//International Workshop on Satellite and Space Communications. Piscataway, NJ:IEEE, 2007:201-205.
[3] Stephens H. Near-space[J]. Air Force Magazine, 2005, 88(7):31.
[4] John P. RQ-4 A global hawk (TierⅡ + HAEUAV)[EB/OL]. (2004-05-17)[2018-02-01]. http://www.fas.org/irp/program/collect/global_hawk.htm.
[5] Brown S F. The eternal airplane[J]. Popular Science, 1994, 244(4):70-75.
[6] Carey P G, Aceves R C, Colella N J, et al. A solar module fabrication process for hale solar electric UAVS[C]//Proceedings of 1994 IEEE 1st World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion:WCPEC (A Joint Conference of PVSC, PVSEC and PSEC). Piscataway, NJ:IEEE, 1994, 2:1963-1969.
[7] Flittie K, Curtin B. Pathfinder solar-powered aircraft flight performance[C]//23rd Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference. Boston, MA:AIAA, 1998:AIAA-98-4446.
[8] Chris H. SolarEagle (Vulture Ⅱ) Backgrounder[R]. Wayback Machine, 2010.
[9] Amos J. Solar plane makes record flight[N]. BBC News, 2008-08-24.
[10] Hanlon M. QinetiQ Zephyr solar powered unmanned aircraft to land after 14 days aloft[N]. GizMag, 2010-07-23.
[11] 陶于金. 临近空间超长航时太阳能无人机发展及关键技术[J]. 航空制造技术, 2016(18):26-30. Tao Yujin. Development and key technologies of near space solar unmanned aerial vehicles with long flight time[J]. Aeronautical Manufacturing Technology, 2016(18):26-30.
[12] NASA. ERAST:Environmental research aircraft and sensor technology[R]. Washington DC:NASA, 2002.
[13] NASA. Helios prototype:The forerunner of 21st century solarpowered"atmospheric satellites"[R]. Washington DC:NASA, 2002.
[14] 丁平, 杨健. 临近空间飞行器在空间通信中的应用[J]. 科技信息, 2009(10):419-420. Ding Ping, Yang Jian. Application of near space aircraft in space communication[J]. Science & Technology Information, 2009(10):419-420.
[15] 费立刚, 范丹丹, 寇保华, 等. 基于中继卫星的天地一体化信息网络综合集成演示系统研究[J]. 中国电子科学研究院学报, 2015, 10(5):479-484. Fei Ligang, Fan Dandan, Kou Baohua, et al. Based on the integration of heaven and earth relay satellite information net-work integrated demonstration system research[J]. Journal of China Institute of Electronics, 2015, 10(5):479-484.
[16] 张登银, 刘升升. 基于Mesh的空间信息网体系结构研究[J]. 计算机技术与发展, 2009,19(8):69-73. Zhang Dengyin, Liu Shengsheng. Space information network system structure based on Mesh study[J]. Computer Technology and Development, 2009, 19(8):69-73.
[17] 姜会林, 刘显著, 胡源, 等. 天地一体化信息网络的几个关键问题思考[J]. 兵工学报, 2014(增刊1):96-100. Jiang Huilin, Liu Xianzhu, Hu Yuan, et al. Several key problems of integrated information network of heaven and earth to think[J]. Journal of armaments factories, 2014(Suppl 1):96-100.