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   Science & Technology Review
2015, Vol.33, No. 21
13 November 2015


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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 1-1.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 4-5.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 6-6.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 7-7.
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Intelligent robot: The bright pearl on the crown of science and technology in twenty-first century

HUANG Xinhan
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 9-15.
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Abstract ( 297 )
Based on the development history of robotics, this paper presents separately the robotic past: human fantasy, robotic present: from fantasy to reality, and robotic future: Intelligent robots. The main functions, research status and application backgrounds of industrial robots, military robots, bionic robots, service robots, multi-fingered dexterous hand and humanoid robots are introduced respectively. Finally, prospects of the development of intelligent robots are discussed.

Intelligent machines that will change the world: Thinking on the development of intelligent robots

WANG Tianmiao, CHEN Diansheng, TAO Yong, LI Jian
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 16-22.
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Abstract ( 331 )
With the development of cloud computing, big data, IntelliSense, micro-nano manufacturing, biomaterials and intelligent transportation, intelligent machines, or the intelligent robots, will bring about a new smart era, as an important factor for the world's economic and industrial growth transformations. This paper describes the definition and development status of industrial robots, home service robots and special service robots from the demand and background of intelligent robots. The advanced technology development and industrialization trend of future intelligent robots are also analyzed. These can provide a reference for Chinese intelligent robotics' research and industrialization.

Robotics in China daring the past 40 years

CAI Zixing
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 23-31.
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Abstract ( 451 )
This paper summarizes the development process and main achievements of robotics in China during the past 40 years, sums up the basic existing problems in the developed robotics of China, explains new opportunity of robotics for China, and discusses further developing strategies of robotics in China. These would be useful references for study, development, application and decision-making of robotics in China.

Present situation and development of intelligent robots

REN Fuji, SUN Xiao
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 32-38.
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Abstract ( 429 )
With the development of scientific and technological progress and social development, people want to be more free from tedious daily affairs. This promotes the development of intelligent robot market. In addition, Intelligent robot industry is deemed as a measure of a national science and technology innovation status and an important symbol of the level of high-end manufacturing, its development has received more and more attention around the world. This article describes the current situation and the development level of domestic and international communities of intelligent robots, including intelligent robot technology and classification of robots, applications of intelligent robot in all walks, and has explored the intelligent robots' development trends and outlook.

On future development of robotics: From industrial automation to knowledge automation

WANG Fei-Yue
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 39-44.
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Abstract ( 731 )
An investigation into the future development of robots and robotics is conducted. After a brief discussion on the historical and current developments of physical robots or earlier industrial robots, we focus on software robots, knowledge robots, parallel robots, and related issues in the corresponding fields of robotics. Clearly, having played an important role in industrial automation, robots or robotics are becoming a critical factor in the coming revolution of knowledge automation, and a great attention must be paid to software, knowledge, and parallel robots and robotics for the success of intelligent industries.

Systematic innovation of health robotics for aging society ——Health renaissance century is coming

LUO Zhiwei
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 45-53.
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Abstract ( 270 )
Following the industry revolution and modernization, we are now facing a serious aging society. Modern science and technology have greatly enriched our social life and changed our viewpoint of value. Aging society will emphasize the importance of health and social environment, and thus promote a huge market for health engineering and health service. In the aging society, robotics will not only make their efforts in manufacturing but also contribute to health, medical and social welfare directly, which in turn may change our life and even social economy and culture. The health renaissance century is coming. This paper first introduces the development of human care robot RI-MAN, then proposes to construct a systematic innovation platform for health robots and scientific evaluation system. The paper also presents a systematic structure as well as examples for health robotics and their applications.

Research and application of military robots

ZOU Dan, LI Xiaonan, YANG Haomin
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 54-58.
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Abstract ( 305 )
Military robots will play an increasingly important role in future warfare. In this paper, we introduce the development strategy and technologies of military robots, analyze the development characteristics and trends, and bring forward some suggestions for the development of future unmanned ground combat systems in China, indicating the importance of their applications and promoting special weapon researches.

Development status and prospect of quadruped robots

MENG Jian, LIU Jinchang, RONG Xuewen, LI Yibin
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 59-63.
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Abstract ( 1073 )
In nature, there are many types of terrains on which traditional wheeled and tracked vehicles can not move, but mammals can freely. This has fully shown the advantages of the four legged moving method. Inspired by these animals, researchers have done much indepth study on quadruped robots, and have made substantial achievements. This paper reviews the development status of quadruped robots in domestic and abroad, summarizes the key technologies in this field, and points out the development tendency.

Study on an amphibious biomimetic father-son robot system with multi-functions

GUO Shuxiang, SHI Liwei
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 64-71.
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Abstract ( 254 )
An amphibious robot with a small size may complete the tasks in amphibious and transition environments, such as pipe detection, fishes monitoring, mineral collection, object recovery and so on, which a single propulsion mechanism robot cannot implement. So, the robots that possess the attributes of compact structure, multi-functionality, precise positioning, and attributes of long endurance are of great interest to researchers. A father-son robot system is proposed in this research that is composed of an amphibious spherical father robot and several son robots. The father robot is actuated by a leg-water jet composite propulsion mechanism. By utilizing one composite propulsion mechanism, the father robot can achieve the amphibious motion, which may increase the load capability and reduce the complexities of the mechanism and control system. It can adjust its shape and propulsion mechanism automatically according to the environment. The son robots can implement swimming, walking, rotating, floating/diving, and grasping motions, which are actuated by the smart actuators. The father robot and each son robot are connected by a smart cable, which can be used for communication between the father robot and its son robot. Also, the smart cable can be used to recover the son robot.

Key technology of robotic driver and its application

YU Guizhen, JI Haojie, ZHOU Bin
Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 72-75.
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This paper presents the development of a robotic driver and introduces the structure and function of the robotic driver. Subsequently, the key technology of the robotic driver is analyzed, and the application of the robotic driver is described with vehicle road experiments, including lane-keeping, car-following, lane-changing and remote driving.

Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 76-78.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 79-80.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 81-83.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 84-86.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 87-89.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 90-92.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 93-95.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 96-97.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 99-100.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 101-103.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 104-105.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 106-106.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 107-107.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 108-108.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 109-109.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 110-110.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 111-111.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 8-8.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 98-98.
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Science & Technology Review. 2015, 33 (21): 0-.
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