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   Science & Technology Review
2017, Vol.35, No. 11
13 June 2017

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Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 0-0.
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Abstract ( 172 )
Foreword

Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 1-1.
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Abstract ( 170 )
Exclusive

Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 5-7.
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Abstract ( 232 )

Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 8-9.
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Abstract ( 193 )
Special Issues

Laboratory animal science and technology is strategically important to life science and health China Construction

QIN Chuan, KONG Qi, QIAN Jun, XIA Xianzhu
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 10-14. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.001
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Abstract ( 192 )
Laboratory animal science is a supporting platform and an indispensible part of life science research,and medical innovation and development as well.It is also one of the strategic resources of‘innovative country construction’,with strategic significance to the protection of human health,food safety,biological safety,and so on.Chian has witnessed the development of its own laboratory animal science industry for more than three decades.The key developments include,for example,the establishment of laboratory animal laws and regulations,standards,and administration system;the initial formation of scientific research,production and supply,quality control and training system;and ten world class laboratory animal technology platforms.This paper describes the present situation of the laboratory animal science development in China,and concludes the existing problems.In the end the paper makes several suggestions which may speed up the innovation and development of laboratory animal science and lay a foundation for the construction of life science and human health in China.

Study on relevant issues on civil-military integration deep development of the Chinese defense industry groups

XU Song, HU Dongmei, ZHANG Xuguang
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 15-19. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.002
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Abstract ( 269 )
As the backbone of national defense science and technology industry,the defense industry groups have three major historical missions to serve the construction of national defense forces,promote scientific and technological progress and serve economic development.They have the distinct characteristics of civil-military integration,and are the natural main forces to implement the integration of the national strategy of civil-military integration development.The new situations and new features of the international and domestic security and development also make the civil-military integration development of the defense industry groups face new problems and challenges.Based on the research on the related problems of the civil-military integration deep development of the Chinese defense industry groups,this paper analyzed the general trend of the civil-military integration development of defense industry groups.It was suggested to scientifically and rationally deal with the six aspects of the relationship of the military and the civilian,including the size relationship,up and down relationship,internal and external relationship,left and right relationship,planning and market relationship.

Research status and development trend of key technologies of wind power accommodation in Jilin province

MU Gang, CUI Yang, CHEN Zhi, YAN Gangui, SUN Yong
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 20-29. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.003
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Abstract ( 199 )
With the high penetration rate of wind power,Jilin province is now facing a severe bottleneck in wind power accommodation,which has seriously restricted further development and utilization of wind energy resources.The factors causing the bottleneck include fluctuation of wind power,load level of power grid,and heating demand in the winter season.In order to solve the problem of wind power curtailment,development of intelligent wind power dispatching system which is suitable for strongly fluctuating power supply,and utilization of emerging technologies,such as thermal energy storage technology and wind-energy heat supply technology,to improve the regulating capacity of power grid and increase the scale of electric load are two effective ways.According to the present situation of large-scale wind power integration of Jilin Province,this paper introduces the current situation and existing problems of wind power forecasting technology,thermal energy storage technology and wind-energy heat supply technology,and expounds the application and development trend of these key technologies for wind power accommodation.

Radar low-observable target detection

CHEN Xiaolong, GUAN Jian, HUANG Yong, HE You
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 30-38. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.004
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Abstract ( 390 )
To deal with the difficulty in radar signal processing,effective and efficient detection of low-observable targets in complex environments is an ongoing research hotspot.On the one hand,due to strong clutter and complex motion of a target,the signal may be extremely weak such that it is hard to detect the signal either in time domain or in frequency domain.On the other hand,the signal resources of traditional radar are limited and cannot achieve refined description of the target itself.Therefore,it is urgent to develop new system and technology for radar target detection.In this paper,we firstly summarize the main difficulties for low-observable target detection.Then,we systematically review conventional radar moving target detection methods.Finally,we discuss the future development from the perspective of detection techniques and systems.

Analysis on present development status and future prospect of some precision instruments and equipment in China

JIA Ping
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 39-46. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.005
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Abstract ( 157 )
Application and current development of some precision instruments and equipment in China,together with several key supporting technologies,are introduced.Gaps between China and developed countries and the future expansion capacity are analyzed.According to the national “Thirteenth Five-Year” development plan,trends and main areas of precision instruments and equipment are discussed.

Review of four phytoremediation techniques for soil polluted by heavy metals

LI Yubao, XIA Jinmeng, LUN Dongdong
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 47-51. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.006
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Abstract ( 100 )
Heavy metals in soil stem from human activities which result in significantly high heavy metals contents in soil and lead to the phenomenon of ecological environment quality deterioration.Heavy metal contamination of soil is essentially an irreversible process.Many organic chemicals require a long time to degrade.Once contamination occurs it is difficult to recover by merely cutting off pollution sources.Therefore there have been a lot of soil treatment methods for heavy metals.Compared to physical and chemical remediation,phytoremediation has several advantages such as small investment,low cost,economical profit and less disturbance to the soil environment.This paper reviews four hytoremediation techniques for heavy metal contaminated soil remediation and describes both domestic and foreign heavy metal pollution control.Finally,the future development in this area is prospected.

On automobile intelligentization and key technologies

CHEN Hong, GUO Lulu, BIAN Ning
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 52-59. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.007
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Abstract ( 297 )
With the rapid development of control,perception,communication and actuator technology,the intelligent vehicle based on electrification,automation and networking has become a major trend in the automotive industry.At the same time,the challenges posed by the intelligent vehicle have raised great interest.From the perspective of automotive automation and intelligent development process,automobile intelligentization can be divided into four stages including driver-assist,semi-automatic,highly automated and fully automated.This paper introduces two technical routes of the present automotive intelligence research which are dominated by automobile enterprises and research institutes.Also given are deep analysis of the characteristics and meanings for each aforementioned development stage of automobile intelligentization.The challenging problems of automobile intelligentization such as multi-source information fusion,intelligent car control architecture,interactive driving are summarized.Finally,some suggestions on the intelligent development of Chinese automobile enterprises are given.

High performance polymer materials:From basic research to application

SUN Zhaoyan, MEN Yongfeng, LIU Jun, SHI Qiang, YANG Xiaoniu, AN Lijia
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 60-68. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.008
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Abstract ( 217 )
Since the concept of polymers was proposed in 1920 by Hermann Staudinger,polymeric materials have gradually stepped into human's life and become one of the most representative and promising materials in materials science.With the development of science and technology,polymer materials,being an important material for national security and industry,have become an important cornerstone of modern industry and high-tech industry.The development of polymer science is directly related to the progress of agriculture,energy,information,environment,population and other areas.At the same time,the intersection and combination of polymer science with material science,information science,life science and environmental science have also played an important role in promoting social progress and improving human living quality.This article describes the development and potential application of high performance polymer materials in terms of general polymers,biomedical polymers and energetic polymers,and points out that the development of high performance polymer materials will directly promote national economy.

Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 69-70. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.009
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Abstract ( 71 )

New progress of minimally invasive abdominal surgery

CHEN Dexing, LI Xiaoyong, XU Gang
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 71-76. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.010
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Abstract ( 111 )
Minimally invasive surgery in the practice of general surgery has undergone 30 years of development,from the initial simple holecystectomy to today's almost all general surgery involving gastrointestinal,hepatobiliary,pancreas,spleen,abdominal surgery,just to name a few.And it is still developing very rapidly.This paper reviews the application of minimally invasive surgery in the hepatobiliary system,the pancreatic system,the spleen system,gastric cancer,colorectal cancer and so on.Moreover,the application of surgical robot in abdominal surgery is briefly introduced.

Overview of the neuromodulation technique based on acupuncture brain science

RONG Peijing, FANG Jiliang, YU Yutian, LI Shaoyuan, ZHAO Jingjun, CHEN Yuanyuan, LI Xiaojiao, LIU Bing
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 77-84. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.011
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Abstract ( 249 )
Chinese acupuncture is a treasure of the ancient Chinese science.Evidences show that acupuncture can transmit signals through stimulating body surface to the brain where the signals are integrated and sent to the whole body,so as to regulate organs'function through the neuro-endocrine-immune system,improve human body harmony and treat diseases.Nowadays,neuromodulation technique represents a trend.In the U.S.the program of stimulating peripheral activity to relieve conditions (SPARC),which is similar to electro-acupuncture,has been conducted at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) since 2016.In this article,we briefly summarize the current situation of acupuncture and brain-related studies in both traditional Chinese medicine and modern medicine,and try to explore the therapeutic mechanisms of acupuncture from the perspective of neuromodulation.Understanding the operational mechanisms of acupuncture from the central and peripheral nerve systems will be of great significance to the AI development on account of acupuncture neuromodulation in the future.

Progress and problems of acupuncture and imaging

SHAN Baoci
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 85-90. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.012
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Abstract ( 109 )
The appearance of functional imaging technology provides an effective means for acupuncture research.In this paper we review the imaging research progress of acupuncture and moxibustion from three aspects,i.e.,acupoint specificity,acupuncture treatment of different diseases,and the basic factors of acupuncture.Then,we address some problems in the current study of brain functional imaging in acupuncture and moxibustion that need to receive more attention from relevant researchers.Finally,we talk about the prospect of the study on acupuncture and imaging.

Statistic analysis of heavy metal residues in Chinese crude drugs with the international standards of Chinese Medicine-Chinese Herbal Medicine Heavy Metal Limit

GUO Lanping, ZHOU Li, WANG Sheng, KANG Chuanzhi, HAO Qingxiu, YANG Wanzhen, ZHOU Liangyun, LI Zhenhao, MA Zhonghua, HUANG Luqi
Science & Technology Review. 2017, 35 (11): 91-98. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2017.11.013
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Abstract ( 331 )
Through collection and analysis of relevant literature,the contents of heavy metals lead,arsenic,cadmium and mercury in Chinese herbal medicine are statistically analyzed under the ISO international standard of “Chinese medicine-Chinese herbal medicine heavy metal”.It is shown that the four kinds of heavy metals have excess rates of 3.46%,4.03%,2.91% and 1.41%,respectively,being the highest excessive ones in animal species.In addition,flowers,leaves,and whole grass have relatively higher contents of heavy metals,and they are followed by root and rhizome,stems and trees,while fruit and seed classes have the minimum exceeding rates for heavy metals.At present,the limits of heavy metals in various countries and regions are mainly based on plant medicinal materials,and there is no unique limit to heavy metals in animal medicines.Therefore,it is necessary to speed up the research and standard development of heavy metals in animal medicines.

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