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   Science & Technology Review
2018, Vol.36, No. 14
28 July 2018

Scientific Community
Think Tank
Science and Technology Humanities
Scientific Comments
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 0-0.
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Abstract ( 285 )

Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 1-1.
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Abstract ( 380 )
Think Tank

Prevention and control of malignant tumor in Chinese children need mothers to participate in all aspects

ZHANG Jinzhe, WANG Huanmin
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 8-11. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.001
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Abstract ( 496 )
Children's tumors have a great impact on society. Pediatric tumors can be identified and eradicated early, only with a full participation of children's caregivers. This paper discusses the four level prevention and control strategy of the children's malignant tumor, with an emphasis on the necessity and the specific methods of the mother's participation in diagnosis of the malignant tumor of children. We suggest a training of mothers by the most grass-root paediatric medical personnel.

Vegetation construction in Loess Plateau: From area expansion to quality improvement

REN Zongping, LI Zhanbin, LI Peng, CHENG Shengdong
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 12-14. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.002
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Abstract ( 663 )
Since the implementation of the "Grain for Green Program" by Chinese government in 1999, the vegetation coverage of the Loess Plateau has increased significantly, which has effectively prevented the soil erosion in this region. The latest research shows that the vegetation net primary productivity (NPP) in the Loess Plateau has already approached the threshold of the regional water resource carrying capacity, thus a further expansion of the vegetation area will inevitably aggravate the situation of water shortage in this region. To further consolidate the achievements of "Grain for Green Program", the future vegetation construction in the Loess Plateau should change from expanding the area to improving the quality.
Scientific Comments

Data + AI: The core of materials genomic engineering

WANG Hong, XIANG Xiaodong, ZHANG Lanting
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 15-21. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.003
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Abstract ( 1310 )
The working models of the Materials Genomic Engineering can be roughly classified into those of the experiment-driven, the computation-driven and the data-driven. The last kind of model is consistent with the fourth paradigm of scientific approach of a fundamental change from "trial and error" to "data-intensive". Such a paradigm shift allows one to acquire the composition-structureprocess-performance relationship, as the basis for the rational design of materials, in a faster, cheaper and more accurate way. It represents the core concept and the future direction of the MGI. In this data-centric scientific era, the ability to quickly obtain a large amount of materials data becomes essential. Thus, the "data foundries"-the centralized materials data generation facilities based on high-throughput experiments and high-throughput computations are the key infrastructures for meeting the future data needs. It is contemplated that the data and the artificial intelligence will become the foundation for building the materials science of the future.

Reflections on the exploitation and utilization of marine renewable energy under the background of ocean power

LIU Yuxin, WANG Haifeng, WANG Ji, CHEN Libo
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 22-25. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.004
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Abstract ( 656 )
This paper analyzes the current situation and achievements of the development and utilization of marine renewable energy in China in terms of resources, policies, technology, financial support and scale of employment. This paper summarizes the opportunities for the development and utilization of marine renewable energy as a strategic emerging industry in China under the background of the development of marine power. This paper puts forward three problems that need to be solved urgently for the development of marine renewable energy industry:Incentive policies and industrial guidance, stable power generation technology, and public service platform construction.

Research progrecs for disastrous waves in China

TAO Aifeng, SHEN Zhichun, LI Shuo, XU Xiao, ZHANG Yao
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 26-34. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.005
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Abstract ( 668 )
China is a marine-disaster-prone country, and the wave disaster, as an important part of various marine disasters, is the most important disaster form with casualties, and it also is an important natural disaster in the consideration of the marine safety and security in our country. The common definition and classification of disastrous waves are discussed, and the main research achievements with respect to the typical disastrous wave characteristics are reviewed. The progress in disastrous wave warning and forecasting are summarized, and the main problems as well as the future research directions for disastrous waves are proposed.

Characteristics and evolution of tidal flat profile

LUO Feng, JIANG Bing, DONG Bingjie, ZHANG Zhi, ZHANG Yiyi
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 35-41. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.006
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Abstract ( 504 )
This paper reviews the progress made in the study of the tidal flat profile and the evolution in recent years both at home and abroad, with the most typical tidal flat in Jiangsu Province as an example, including the observation methods, the morphological characteristics, the physical mechanism of the tidal flat profile, the profile characteristics, sedimentary process, the characteristics of the escalation and deposition of the tidal flat along the coast, and the main factors affecting the erosion and the deposition of the coastal tidal flats.

Application of cloud computing for marine environmental information

HUA Yanning, ZHOU Xue, CHEN Yanyun, LU Feng, CHEN Gang, ZHANG Lei
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 42-56. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.007
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Abstract ( 480 )
Based on a review of the present situation of the domestic and foreign developments and applications of the cloud computing, and in view of the features of the marine environment information system, this paper studies the system structure and related technologies of the cloud computing for the marine environment information. A cloud platform of the marine environment is designed and implemented, and some practical service is provided as an example for typical applications, which shows how to follow the cloud computing technology and the application development in the field of the marine information in the future.

Marine information planning

LI Jin, JIANG Bing, JIANG Xiaoyi, LIU Yuxin, HUA Yanning, HAN Chunhua
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 57-62. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.008
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Abstract ( 748 )
Based on the analysis of the foundation of the marine information and the needs of the marine development in the new period, this paper proposes to overally plan the comprehensive marine awareness, the marine information communication and the marine information resource, so as to promote the marine information infrastructure co-construction and the sharing of information resources; puts forward the optimization of the marine information service mode, so as to construct the marine information service cluster, including the maintenance of the marine rights and interests, the marine economy, the marine ecological environment protection, the marine resource utilization, and the marine affaire service. Finally, some specific measures are suggested to ensure the marine information development based on the information security, the key technologies, standards and regulations, policy mechanisms, talents and funds.

Construction and planning of national marine information communication network

ZHOU Xue, GUO Yifeng, HAN Zexin, LI Dan, HUA Yanning
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 63-74. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.009
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Abstract ( 509 )
The State Oceanic Administration(SOA) has four private networks, the national oceanic administration network, the state oceanic administration network, the national marine non-real-time service network and the national marine real-time service network. The four private networks operate independently and provide support for different ocean professional tasks. The SOA promotes the information integration, first with the network integration as the basic project. The integrated marine information communication network is the foundation for the integration of the following offshore network and the sea-related ministry network, the data resources and the business systems. This paper reviews the existing marine service private network and the integrated marine information communication network systematically and analyzes the shortcomings of the offshore data acquisition in the existing network in view of the characteristics of the multi-channel acquisition of the marine data. With consideration of the needs of the offshore data acquisition in the ocean and the existing wireless network access mode, the idea of the overall construction planning of the marine wireless network is put forward.

The research on Digital Ocean Engineering of China

JIANG Bing, JIANG Xiaoyi, LÜ Chongjing, HE Long, WANG Yi
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 75-79. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.010
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Abstract ( 553 )
The marine information engineering has gradually turned from conceptual and theoretical studies to actual construction and application services. Taking the example of Digital Ocean Engineering of China, this paper analyzes the current situations and foundations of China's marine informatization establishment by introducing the establishment process and achievements of Digital Ocean. By discovering the gap between America, Japan and other developing countries on data acquisition, processing and applications, this paper offers references on development tendency for marine informatization establishment of China.

The sediment-carrying capability in offshore area

ZHANG Wenhu, ZHOU Changyou, GAN Shendong
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 80-87. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.011
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Abstract ( 555 )
With a great concern for the marine environment, and the sediment-carrying capacity in the offshore area plays a key role in the study of the sediment transport. This paper reviews the current research achievements with respect to the sediment-carrying capability in the offshore area. Some suggestions are given for the determination of the sediment-carrying capability in a wave-current coexistent system, which is an important topic in the academic area.

Differential proteomics analysis of the embryo in sorghum-sudangrass hybrid and its parents

XUE Chunlei, LU Xiaoping, HAN Pingan, ZHANG Kunming, ZHANG Ruixia, DONG Jing
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 88-98. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.012
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Abstract ( 623 )
Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids are annual gramineous forage crops with intergrated excellent parental traits. Their heterosis is particularly prominent, but the molecular mechanism of the heterosis is not yet very clear. To reveal the molecular mechanism, the mature embryos of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids and their parents are analyzed by the Label free mass spectrometry and the bioinformatics methods based on proteomics in this study. 124 differentially expressed proteins are identified, among which 48 are additive accumulation proteins, accounting for 38.71% of the total proteins. 19 and 29 of them are up-regulated proteins and down-regulated proteins, respectively. 76 of them are non-additive accumulation proteins, accounting for 61.29% of the total proteins. 29 proteins are of the above-high-parent expression, with the greatest proportion among the non-additive accumulation expression patterns. Followed by the high-parent expression patterns(18 proteins), the low-parent expression patterns (14 proteins), the below-low-parent expression patterns(10 proteins). Besides, there are 5 proteins which do not belong to the above four kinds of protein expression patterns. Therefore, non-additive proteins play especially dominant roles in the heterosis of the mature embryo of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids. Additive and non-additive accumulation proteins cover multiple functional groups, which involve the stress response, the carbohydrate metabolism, the transcriptional regulation, the development regulation, the signal transduction, the protein metabolism and others.
Science and Technology Humanities

Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 99-100. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.14.013
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Abstract ( 427 )
Scientific Community

Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 6-6.
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 6-7.
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 7-7.
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (14): 7-7.
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