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   Science & Technology Review
2018, Vol.36, No. 21
13 November 2018

Reviews
Foreword
Columns
Science and Technology Humanities
Exclusive: Intelligent Manufacturing
Exclusive: Buiding the Science and Technology Country
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 0-0.
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Abstract ( 131 )

Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 6-6.
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 6-6.
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 7-7.
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 7-7.
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Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 7-7.
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Foreword

Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 1-1.
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Abstract ( 105 )
Exclusive: Buiding the Science and Technology Country

Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 8-9.
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Abstract ( 102 )

The road to build China into a strong scientific and technological country under the trend of new scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation

FAN Chunliang
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 63-68. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.007
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Abstract ( 111 )
To build a strong scientific and technological country in the world, China needs to seize the opportunities brought by the new science and technology revolution and industrial transformation and meet its challenges. Based on the examination of concept of science and technology power, science and technology revolution, this paper summarizes some experience of the science and technology revolution, and analyzes the opportunities and challenges brought by new science and technology revolution and industrial transformation for China to construct science and technology power. It is pointed out that to build the world science and technology power, China needs to build the new national innovation system under the trend of new technology revolution and industrial transformation, and put forward new thinking and main measures for constructing the new national innovation system.

On the six typical characteristics of science and technology powerful country

LOU Wei
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 69-75. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.008
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Abstract ( 90 )
Building a science and technology powerful country(STPC) is the national strategy of China, "Becoming the STPC by 2049" has also become an important development goal of China. Accurately grasping the characteristics of the STPC is conducive to finding out the shortcomings and focusing on the key points of development. The STPC is the organic combination of multilevel elements, such as "the capability and achievements of science and technology", "the hard strength and soft power of science and technology" and "epistemology, methodology and practice". Only from the perspectives of scientific research capacity, scientific and technological innovation ability, the development paradigm of science and technology, the level of scientific and technological products and engineering, the formulation of scientific and technological standards, and the influence of science and technology at home and abroad, can we grasp the typical characteristics of the STPC relatively scientifically.

Principal contradiction and problems in basic research of sci-tech power

ZHAO Lanxiang, LI Peinan, WAN Jinbo
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 76-80. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.009
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Abstract ( 122 )
In the new era, strengthening basic scientific research is of great significance for the in-depth implementation of innovationdriven development strategies and the construction of innovative country and world science and technology power. However, compared with the requirements of building a world science and technology power, China's basic scientific research shortcomings are still outstanding. The recent China-US trade friction has further aroused the society's attention to basic scientific research in China. What kind of basic scientific research China needs to become a technologically powerful country is worthy of reflection. On the basis of analyzing the changes in the main contradictions of basic research in our country and combined with the new characteristics of basic research, this study argues that building a strong country of science and technology calls for high-quality basic research. High-quality basic research development requires high-level policies and management, especially paying attention to the basic research, the cross-interactions, the talent, and the culture of innovation.

Creating new science: The core task of the great cultural strategy

DONG Guangbi
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 81-83. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.010
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Abstract ( 69 )
From the following four aspects:innovation of civilization, the conditions for creating a new civilization, the key to creating a new civilization, and the timetable and road map, this paper discusses why only "creation" can make Chinese Dream a success. To rejuvenate China, it is necessary to implement a great cultural strategy, with the goal of creating new civilization and the core task of creating new science.

Cultural innovation mechanism and path towards the scientific and technological power in the world

PAN Shu, CHEN Si, SUN Chengcheng
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 84-89. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.011
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Abstract ( 96 )
The internal mechanism and realistic path of cultural science and technology innovations are internal-external interaction and echoing each other. This paper summarizes the road of cultural science and technology innovation in science and technology powers, analyzes the internal mechanism of cultural science and technology innovation, and probes into the realistic path of Chinese culture science and technology innovation. It is shown that cultural demand and creativity can guide cultural scientific and technological innovations; science and technology innovation can support cultural industry innovation; design can promote the integration and promotion of science and technology innovation and cultural creativity. Towards the goal of the scientific and technological power in the world, the author tries to further study the internal mechanism of cultural science and technology innovation and consolidate the realistic path.
Exclusive: Intelligent Manufacturing

Parallel manufacturing and industries 5.0: From virtual manufacturing to intelligent manufacturing

WANG Fei-Yue, GAO Yanchen, SHANG Xiuqin, ZHANG Jun
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 10-22. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.001
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Abstract ( 74 )
Based on virtual manufacturing, a new paradigm of intelligent manufacturing, parallel manufacturing is proposed. It integrates the concepts of cyber-physical-social system (CPSS) and industrial IoM by considering the complexity of physical, information and social systems. Based on ACP (artificial systems, computational experiments, parallel execution) method, an intelligent system of steel manufacturing is developed to realize parallel evolution, closed-loop feedback and cooperative optimization. It consists of three parts, namely, descriptive intelligence through software defined steelworks (SDS), predictive intelligence based on computational experiment and optimization, and prescriptive intelligence using parallel execution between virtuality and reality. Through the comprehensive utilization of descriptive, predictive and prescriptive intelligence, intelligent production is realized to transparentize and digitize the manufacturing system.

Future development of intelligent plants process industry

CHU Jian
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 23-29. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.002
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Abstract ( 135 )
This paper proposes a new intelligent plant framework, to realize integrated innovation of process technoly (PT), equipment technology (ET), operation technology (OT), automation technology (AT) and information technology (IT)to solve the comprehensive problems of production control, production management and enterprise operation by industrial integrated solution APPs, so that enterprises can always firmly control their initiatives to develop industrial big data and artificial intelligence. At the same time, an information security system of industrial control is also proposed based on deep defense, combined hardware and software to provide safety assurance for the construction of intelligent plant in process industry.

On integrated optimization for steel intelligent manufacturing

SUN Yanguang
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 30-37. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.003
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Abstract ( 98 )
The purpose of intelligent manufacturing in iron and steel industry is to optimize the structure and process of iron and steel process so as to realize dynamic, orderly, coordinated and continuous operation and multi-objective optimization in a whole. In this paper, the main contents and key technologies of structural optimization and program optimization in steelworks are introduced, including multiPDCA closed loop for quality management and control, integrated planning and scheduling, coordination between material flow and energy flow, and multi-unit coordination optimization. Some common problems are analyzed, which the steel industry needs to overcome to make breakthrough in promoting intelligent manufacturing and some promising implementation paths are proposed.

Opportunities and challenges for tires intelligent manufacturing from intelligent tires

ZHANG Xiangwen, WANG Fei-Yue
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 38-47. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.004
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Abstract ( 98 )
The development of intelligent tire is in line with the automatic, informational, intelligent and networked trend of the tire manufacturing process, and it is the fusion result of information technology and tire technology, so the intelligent tire creates excellent opportunities for the informational, intelligent and networked development of tire intelligent manufacturing. The condition monitoring method of intelligent tires provides convenience for the information management of the whole life cycle of tire production, warehousing, transportation, sales and maintenance services. The modeling and control technology of intelligent tires facilitates the realization of digital design and virtual simulation of tires and provides convenience for the intellectualization of tire manufacturing process. Tire condition automatic regulating system can collect tire information under different road conditions and different tire pressure and different vehicle speed, so it provides networked convenience for the tire manufacturing process. However, there are some limitations on the tire materials and manufacturing technology, sensors and chip technology, test technology and intelligent application related with intelligent tires, so the intelligent tire technology also provides some challenges for the implementation of tire intelligent manufacturing.

Parallel manufacturing for textile, footwear and garment industries

LI Lijun, WANG Xiao, SHANG Xiuqin
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 48-55. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.005
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Abstract ( 46 )
This paper concerns how to apply machine vision and virtual-reality technologies into industrial robots and Internet of Things and to combine big data and cloud computing to construct a parallel manufacturing infrastructure. A worldwide flexible supply chain of footwear and garment industries is introduced to demonstrate the workflow and efficiency of parallel manufacturing. Firstly, a virtual factory is constructed in the cloud, where management policies and decision control data are synchronized with the data generated by highly automated production equipment in the workshop. The virtual factory, executing in parallel with the physical one, supplies tested and optimized decisions and guides the production process in physical factories. To provide worldwide service, a global and distributed cooperative production management platform is built based on the industrial Internet of Things, namely CIXING's cloud manufacturing platform. It operates with low production cost, high work efficiency and reduced labor numbers. It has also been listed as one of the national intelligent manufacturing pilot demonstration project by the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

Concept and promotion strategy of intelligent manufacturing

GUO Chaohui, LIU Sheng
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 56-62. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.006
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Abstract ( 166 )
This paper addresses the basic issues in intelligent manufacturing, from fundamental concepts to planning and implementation, with respect to th technical and economic feasibility. In the process of promoting intelligent manufacturing, enterprises should take their own technical conditions into account, avoiding blindly pursuing the technology novelty. Only in this way can we ensure a sound development of the intelligent manufacturing.
Reviews

Prospects on unmanned aerial vehicle autonomous swarm technology

DUAN Haibin, QIU Huaxin, CHEN Lin, WEI Chen
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 90-98. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.012
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Abstract ( 249 )
Swarm, autonomy and intelligence are the development directions of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) systems in dynamic and uncertain environments and for complex tasks. The UAV swarm with stigmergy can perform complex intelligent behaviors without any centralized planning or direct communication. Starting with the connotation of UAV autonomy,this paper discusses the concept, characteristic, advantage and possible combat form of UAV autonomous swarm. Then the UAV autonomous swarm development tendency is analyzed from the following aspects:manned/unmanned aerial vehicle integration, morphing aircraft design, artificial intelligence and swarm conflict. The technology development necessity of UAV swarm against anti-UAV technology is also analyzed. Next, the possible application prospect of UAV is described from military fields and civilian fields. Finally,the development direction of UAV autonomous swarm is summarized in terms of strategic planning, research mode, system coordination, interdiscipline, defense applications and market cultivation.

Research progress of electroactive polymer actuated biomimetic coloration in camouflage

LI Bo, WANG Yanjie, ZHAO Pengfei, LIU Lei, CHEN Hualing
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 99-108. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.013
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Abstract ( 96 )
The unique characteristic of biological coloration in nature provides inspiration for engineering. Electro-active polymer is a kind of soft smart material with electric field responsive deformation. It is flexible and its deformation process is similar to that of biological muscle, which is recognized as an ideal artificial muscle material. Therefore, the electrochromic technology based on electro-active polymers that has a biological characteristic close to living things is suitable for the application to complex structures, so as to provide a new direction for the development of next-generation camouflage technology. Firstly, this paper introduces the mechanism of color change in nature, stating the differences in chameleon and cephalopod. The limitations of the existing technology are summarized in terms of inconvenience in actuation and lack of flexibility. Then the paper introduces the mechanism of electrically induced deformation of electroactive polymer, analyzes the advances in electro-active polymer actuated color change, and compares the current technical characteristics. Moreover,the challenges in current research are pointed out as well. The application of this technique may promote the development of military camouflage which features the next generation of tri-co robot in environmental visual compatibility.

Overview on interferon in the mucosa immune response of pig mucosal immunity

LIU Lirong, HOU Lidan, WANG Meng, LIU Wenjun, LI Jing
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 109-115. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.014
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Abstract ( 37 )
The animal mucosal immune system serves as the material basis of the immune response, and plays an important role. The vaccine is induced by the mucosal antibody derived from the mucosal immune system, followed by the activated systemic immune response. The interferon acts as a potential mucosal immune adjuvant involved in many biological functions, such as antivirus and immune regulation. This paper reviews the correlation between the mucosal innate immunity and the porcine interferon, focusing on the immunomodulatory roles of the mucosal immune system, the porcine interferon signaling pathway and the immunologic adjuvant, to provide a reference for the development of the porcine interferon as a mucosal immune adjuvant.

Global ecological flow implementations and implications

CHEN Ang, XUE Yaodong, WEI Na, LI Hui
Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 116-126. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.015
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Abstract ( 110 )
As one of the key indicators in the river protection, the ecological flow is very difficult to manage in the coordinated development of economy, society and environment in a basin. With the fundamental theory and methods of the ecological flow assessment remaining to be established in China, we face with many problems in managing the ecological flow due to the lack of the guidance of an adequate theory, accompanied, therefore, with the degradations of some river ecosystem services. The studies of theory and methods so far have not resulted in an adequate ecological flow assessment. This paper reviews the ecological flow managements of seven rivers in the world as examples. The results of the managements are analyzed from the aspects of rare and endangered migratory fish species, wetlands of international importance (Ramsar wetlands), and rare and endangered avifauna, as well as from the aspects of integrated watershed management, water right transaction and international investment. From the analyses of their problems and successes in the managements, some lessons may be drawn for relevant authorities (i.e. government, management authorities, institutions, enterprises and NGOs).
Science and Technology Humanities

Science & Technology Review. 2018, 36 (21): 127-128. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.21.016
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Abstract ( 83 )

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