Collect | Home Page 
   
Office Online  
Journal Online
· Forthcoming Articles
· Current Issue
· Archive
· Advanced Search
· View by Fields
· Archive By Subject
· Special Issues
· Download Articles
· Read Articles
· Email Alert
· Recommended
Links
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
   Science & Technology Review
2019, Vol.37, No. 17
13 September 2019

Scientifc Comments
Reviews
Foreword
Columns
Papers
Exclusive: Marking 100 years since Huang Kun's birth
Select | Export to EndNote
Columns

Hot!

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 0-0.
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (2877 KB)  ( 50 )
Abstract ( 31 )
Foreword

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 1-1.
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (560 KB)  ( 44 )
Abstract ( 63 )
Exclusive: Marking 100 years since Huang Kun's birth

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 6-12. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.001
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (3036 KB)  ( 50 )
Abstract ( 23 )

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 13-17. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.002
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (2620 KB)  ( 45 )
Abstract ( 21 )

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 18-21. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.003
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (1827 KB)  ( 34 )
Abstract ( 23 )

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 22-25. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.004
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (2779 KB)  ( 37 )
Abstract ( 19 )

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 26-28. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.005
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (476 KB)  ( 25 )
Abstract ( 18 )

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 29-31. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.006
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (508 KB)  ( 36 )
Abstract ( 26 )

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 32-34. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.007
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (1679 KB)  ( 44 )
Abstract ( 24 )

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 35-36. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.008
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (780 KB)  ( 32 )
Abstract ( 19 )

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 37-42. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.009
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (961 KB)  ( 32 )
Abstract ( 37 )

Huang Kun's scientific contribution and academic tradition

WANG Zhirong, DING Zhaojun
Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 43-49. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.010
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (800 KB)  ( 113 )
Abstract ( 53 )
On the basis of studying historical documents, this paper introduces Huang Kun's academic growth process, systematically analyses his outstanding achievements in solid state physics, and discusses his contribution to develop semiconductor industry for his motherland. In China, Huang Kun's contribution includes establishing the first base for training professional personnel, founding a important base for research semiconductor physics, and training academic tradition.
Reviews

“Star” pollutants in environmental science research and their recent situation

CHENG Rong, SHI Lei, ZHENG Xiang
Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 50-64. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.011
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (3248 KB)  ( 64 )
Abstract ( 34 )
The environmental pollution has become one of the most important factors affecting the human health. As an emerging interdisciplinary research field, the research of the environmental health has been booming in recent years. Based on the research results published in the top international academic journals or those with important influence in 2018, this paper reviews the research progress related to the "star" pollutants that have attracted most attention in the environmental science research. The important research results of antibiotics, superbacteria, plastics, drugs, persistent organic pollutants, pesticides and engineered nanomaterials are reviewed, which may provide a reference for the control and the management of the emerging pollutants that affect the human health.

An overview and the practical application of the biological intelligence algorithms in intelligence control

XIE Wenguang, YAN Fang, WANG Kenian
Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 65-72. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.012
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (1793 KB)  ( 37 )
Abstract ( 35 )
The classical control methods have shortcoming,, such as its fixed parameters, with a limited control effect, and the Biological Intelligence Algorithm provides a new way to break the bottleneck of the classical control methods because of its adaptive and learning mechanism. With the improvement of the theory of the reinforcement learning and the deep learning, the performance of the Biological Intelligence Algorithm is greatly improved. This paper reviews seven kinds of intelligent algorithms commonly used in intelligence control, and the application examples of combining the classical automatic control methods and the intelligent algorithms, especially, the reinforcement learning. The development status and the future development trend of the intelligent control based on the reinforcement learning, the deep learning and the Brain-inspired Intelligence Technology in recent years are discussed. The purpose of this paper is to emphasize a new idea of combining the intelligent algorithms with the classical control methods, and provide some new ideas and practical examples for the intelligent control.

Advances in shear mechanical properties of grouting-reinforced bodies for fractured rock

HUANG Yaoguang, ZHANG Tianjun, LIU Penghui, LIANG Jingming, GUO Hailong, CHEN Zhiyun
Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 73-83. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.013
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (2645 KB)  ( 60 )
Abstract ( 38 )
It is known that the rock-grout-rock structural plane formed after the grouting of fractured rock is consolidated with strong shear mechanical properties, and its shear strength and stability are the key indicators to measure the effect of the grouting reinforcement. The advances in researches of the shear mechanical properties of fractured rock with the grouting reinforcement at home and abroad are reviewed from three aspects:(1) experimental study of shear mechanical properties of grouting-reinforced fractured rocks, including the shear strength, the stiffness and the creep; (2) theoretical prediction models for the shear strength of the grouting-reinforced fractured rocks, mainly, the theoretical calculation models and the empirical models; (3) numerical simulations of the shear deformation and the failure of the grouting-reinforced fractured rocks, including the finite difference method (FDM), the finite element method (FEM) and the discrete element method (DEM). Based on a summary of existing problems to be solved on the shear mechanical properties of the grouting reinforcement, it is proposed that the theory of the shear creep and the long-term stability of the grouting-reinforced fractured rocks should be a focus, especially, the general-purpose shear strength theory prediction model, to improve the shear strengthening theory and the reinforcement mechanism of the grouting reinforcement theory.

On patent application of animal testing methods

CHEN Shuzhen, XU Guoliang
Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 92-96. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.015
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (714 KB)  ( 11 )
Abstract ( 36 )
To determine whether an animal testing methods has practical use, we analyze the relevant provisions on the practicability of China. By analyzing four typical cases we depict the kind of methods belonging to non-therapeutic surgical methods and having practical use, and summarize the criterion for judgement of this kind of methods. We also put forward suggestions to claim rights. When writing the patent application for the animal test method, we should pay attention to the purpose of the method and whether the method contains surgical procedures, and adopt different writing strategies according to the different situations of the method.
Papers

Situation and development of science and technology in disaster reduction of China

MU Di, CHEN An
Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 84-91. ;  doi: 10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2019.17.014
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (1136 KB)  ( 19 )
Abstract ( 41 )
By means of data and cases, this study comprehensively shows the development and application of science and technology in disaster reduction of China and brings up the strategies to strengthen public safety through mechanism design. Science and technology of disaster prevention and reduction in China are developing rapidly, with professional emergency products, medical products and outdoor protection products being the most common categories for disaster reduction. Meanwhile, risk analysis and managing ability are important subjects in the field of emergency management, in which risk perception, early warning system, ability evaluation and mitigation technology are the foundation of disaster reduction. The paper also points out that improving the legal system, establishing support platform and giving full play to the role of scientific research institutions can ensure the long-term and stable development of science and technology in the disaster reduction in China.
Scientifc Comments

Science & Technology Review. 2019, 37 (17): 97-100.
Full text: HTMLnew PDF  (1737 KB)  ( 30 )
Abstract ( 45 )

Copyright © Editorial office of Science & Technology Review
Tel: +86-10-62138113 Fax: +86-10-62138113 E-mail: jdbbjb@cast.org.cn
京ICP备14028469号-1