13 December 2021, Volume 39 Issue 23

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  • ZHAO Guishen
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 17-22. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.003
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    As one of national strategies in the new era, rural vitalization is a historic task of wide-ranging implications for China's modernization. Without rural modernization, China will not be able to achieve modernization of the country as a whole. China's rural modernization follows the basic principles of rural modernization worldwide, but with its own features. Meanwhile, China's rural vitalization is a complex systemic project with its inner logic of evolution, which is closely related to systematic perspective, double mechanism of government and market, endogenous power, international experiences or lessons and synergetic mechanism. This study focuses on the goals of development and strategies of implementation from eight perspectives, such as rural resident, rural industry, rural landscape, rural life, rural culture, rural organization, rural ecology and relationships between urban and rural areas, aiming to ensure smooth progress for rural vitalization in China.
  • WANG Xiaojun, SUN Lixin, MAO Shiping
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 23-28. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.004
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    Agricultural science and technological (S&T) innovation is the important support for consolidating the results of poverty alleviation and comprehensively promoting rural revitalization. China's agricultural S&T innovation is not enough to strongly break the bottleneck and support demand of agricultural development and faced such problems as insufficient effective supply of agricultural S&T innovation, incompatibility between traditional agricultural S&T extension methods and demand of the new types of agricultural businesses, shortage of organization of agricultural S&T service, lack of agricultural S&T talents, and imperfect policy of agricultural S&T innovation. It is suggested that establish a demand-oriented agricultural S&T innovation system from five aspects of innovation, extension, service, talents, and policies, to support effectively support the transition of policy priority from Poverty Alleviation to Rural Revitalization.
  • YAN Jin, CHEN Wei, DING Yanfeng
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 29-35. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.005
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    To realize the effective link between poverty alleviation achievements and rural revitalization is an important strategic deployment made by the Party Central Committee for the current work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers". Industrial development plays a fundamental role in poverty alleviation and rural revitalization. In view of the current dilemma that China's rural industrial development foundation is still weak, scientific and technological innovation ability is not strong enough, and the supply of professionals is still insufficient, we need to give full play to the role of science and technology as the driving engine, to promote industrial transformation and upgrading with scientific and technological support, to activate industrial development momentum with scientific and technological innovation, and to consolidate the foundation of industrial development with scientific and technological talents, so as to establish a solid foundation for high-quality rural revitalization.
  • WANG Yingkuan, PU Yingyan
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 36-47. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.006
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    After winning the poverty alleviation battle, the focus of China's work on agriculture, rural areas and farmers is historically shifting to comprehensively promoting rural revitalization. First of all, based on the idea "talent is the first resource", this article argues that the key to rural revitalization is rural talent revitalization. Talent revitalization is not only an important content but also an important premise, key and support of rural revitalization. Secondly, the current situation of insufficient rural talents, unreasonable structure, lack of high-level talents and the contradiction between supply and demand of rural revitalization talents are briefly analyzed. Then eight countermeasures for promoting rural talent revitalization are presented. Finally, it puts forward some suggestions for comprehensive rural revitalization.
  • Reviews
  • CHONG Kang, JING Haichun
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 48-53. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.007
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    Rural vitalization is one of the major strategies introduced at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. It provides important guidelines for achieving agricultural modernization and rural economic growth. Plant science, as a basic subject, has close connection with agriculture. Plant science should try to strengthen its basic researches in resource collection, gene function, metabolic regulation and improvement of agronomic traits, pay more attention to knowledge innovation and theoretical breakthrough, make efforts in commercialization and promotion of scientific and research findings, so as to serve agricultural development and promote rural revitalization.
  • ZHU Yongguan, LI Baozhi, LIN Tao
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 54-58. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.008
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    Soil, as a fundamental natural capital, is of critical importance in food and ecological security, and therefore is the foundation of rural revitalization. This paper elaborates the current challenges on fostering healthy soils in China, then discusses the roles of healthy soil on safeguarding food safety and nutrition, ecosystem health as well as the development of beautiful countryside. Finally, from the view point of One Health framework, the paper provides insightful prospects on how to realize the value of ecosystem services associated with healthy soils, to promote rural revitalization, and to achieve common prosperity.
  • WANG Bo, WEN Jing, ZHANG Fenghua, LI Lijun, LAI Yongcai, REN Changzhong, LU Jianwei, SHEN Jinxiong, GUO Liang, ZHOU Guangsheng, FU Tingdong
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 59-64. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.009
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    There are 1.5 billion mu of saline and alkaline land in China, among which 0.5 billion mu has the potential to use. Restoring and utilizing these fields will bring great economic, environmental and social benefits. Huayouza 62--a saline-alkaline tolerant cultivar--was bred by Huazhong Agricultural University after more than 10 years' research. In the coastal and inland salinate fields, Huayouza 62 can grow well with fresh biomass of 4.5×104~7.5×104 kg/ha, and it can also be used as green manure. Saline-alkaline tolerant rapeseed has the characteristics of combining utilization and restoration of the salinate soil. Thus, the rapeseed is the most dominant field crop to utilize and restore the salinate land. We believe that to use comprehensive measures including utilization of saline-alkaline tolerant rapeseed and coordination farming and animal husbandry is an economical and sustainable developmental scheme.
  • LI Chuan, QI Yanbin, DENG Xin
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 65-72. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.010
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    To promote the effective connection between rural revitalization and poverty alleviation is an important way to consolidate the achievements of poverty alleviation, further release the endogenous impetus of rural development and realize agricultural and rural modernization. This article sorts out the coordination and convergence between poverty alleviation and rural revitalization five development and evolution processes of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture from poverty alleviation to rural revitalization, namely poverty assistance with system reform as the core, poverty assistance with economic development as the core, poverty assistance with poor areas as the core, and poverty assistance with precision as the core. Then an in-depth analysis of the internal logical consistency and continuity of poverty alleviation and rural vitalization is presented, followed by a cohesive mechanism between poverty alleviation and rural vitalization constructed from both macro and micro levels. Based on the actual situation of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture and the regional classification standard of existing literature research, the prefecture is divided into four regions:river valley settlement area, hilly settlement area, settlement area, and high-mountain settlement area, and a differentiated promotion path of rural revitalization is proposed according to the regional characteristics. This paper also discusses the construction of supporting mechanisms from four aspects, i.e., stimulating internal driving force of rural development, consolidating institutional guarantee of rural vitalization, promoting rural vitalization by zoning and classification, and improving the link between rural vitalization and other development strategies.
  • YIN Yicheng, WANG Yaqin, REN Jia, CHENG Shengkui
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 73-79. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.011
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    In the poverty alleviation stage, Shibadong village has embarked on a road of poverty alleviation that can be replicated and promoted. In the post-poverty era, how to further implement the rural revitalization strategy is the main task of our country's rural development in the new era. As a national model of poverty alleviation, Shibadong village should continue to undertake the historical responsibility of the initiative of precision poverty alleviation and create a pilot demonstration area for rural revitalization in poverty alleviation areas. Based on years of field research and thinking, we propose the effective paths for implementing the rural revitalization strategy terms of industrial development, cultural and tourism integration, land remediation, rural governance, area linkage, etc. In order to help Shibadong village to take the lead, make a demonstration, and continue to demonstrate the doings and the voice of initiative on the road of rural revitalization.
  • HU Liping, HU Xiaokang, XIONG Yang, LU Yi, WU Zhaoxiang, HUANG Xiaoyuan, CHENG Hai
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 80-87. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.012
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    Rural tourism is an important path to realize rural revitalization. The proposal of rural revitalization strategy provides a strong policy support and development platform for the development of rural tourism. Firstly, we explore the new development path of rural tourism through case studies such as the cooperative development of rural tourism commodity by local governments and scientific research institutions, the construction of science and technology towns, and the path of science and technology helping the development of rural tourism commodities. Secondly, we analyze the current problems of rural tourism. Finally, we put forward the countermeasures and measures to use science and technology to promote the development of rural tourism commodities, strengthen the brand construction of rural tourism agricultural products, and enchance the sense of acquisition of residents.
  • HE Pinjing
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 88-93. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.013
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    The recent amendment to the Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Solid Waste Pollution clearly states in the General Rules that the whole country implements the policy of municipal solid waste source segregation Additionally, considering the 57th article that the local administration in charge of environment and sanitation is responsible for the resource recovery and pollution control of food waste, food waste then formally becomes a formal physical component in the waste management system. Since the generation sources of rural food waste disperse it is more preferable to treat rural food waste and utilize the treatment product in situ for returning organics into fields and nutrients recycling. Therefore, a series of treatment technologies special for rural food waste have been developed. However, these technologies lead to some new problems related to environmental sanitation and economic efficiency. This study analyzes the technical features and problems involved in the scale-up treatment facilities for rural food waste, and puts forward some suggestions for improvement so as to establish a basis for improvement and standardization of the related technologies.
  • ZHUANG Jiayu, CHI Liang, ZENG Mengjie, LI Ganqiong
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 94-100. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.014
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    The goal of rural informatization construction is the efficient use of rural information resources. Mobile internet is the most important way of disseminating information in rural areas. The popularization and application of mobile internet in rural areas will improve the application of information in agricultural production, improve agricultural production efficiency and farmers' quality of life, and narrow the gap between urban and rural areas, which is of great significance to promoting the construction of digital villages. This paper starts from the development process and status quo of mobile internet in rural areas, analyzes the current problems and influencing factors in the popularization of mobile internet in rural areas. Finally, the paper sets forth the future development of mobile internet in rural areas.
  • Papers
  • LIU Jiaojiao, ZHU Ming, YANG Zhao, ZHANG Gangren
    Science & Technology Review. 2021, 39(23): 101-112. https://doi.org/10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2021.23.015
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    Many studies have shown that credit constraints have a significant negative impact on farmers' objective welfare such as income and consumption. However, few studies have dealt with the impact of credit constraints on farmers' subjective welfare. Credit constraints may not only affect the subjective poverty of farmers in economy but also psychologically affect the subjective poverty of farmers. Based on the rural household samples in the China Household Income Projects (CHIP2013) database, we analyze the impact of credit constraints on subjective poverty of farmers. To minimize the bias, we use the propensity score matching (PSM) method to control the non-randomness of farmers' credit constraints. To ensure robust results, we also divide the sample into different sub-samples based on farmer's income and family size, and verify again the impact of credit constraints on farmers' subjective poverty. The results are as follows. Firstly, compared with the farmers without credit constraints, the probability of subjective poverty among farmers with credit constraints is significantly increased. Secondly, formal credit constraints have a significant effect on farmers' subjective poverty expressed by minimum income and by income evaluation. However, informal credit constraints have a significant effect on the subjective well-being of farmers. Therefore, the economic effect of formal credit constraints is more significant and the psychological effect of informal credit constraints is more significant. Thirdly, although demand-based credit constraints are the main type of credit constraints to which farmers are subject, supply-based credit constraints still have a larger impact on farmers' subjective poverty. Therefore, to strengthen the inclusiveness of rural finance is still the key to improving farmers' welfare.